In Exams mostly questions comes in
two forms:
1) Coded Inequality.
2) Direct Inequality.
In Coded Inequality
form, $, #, %, &, @ symbols are used. In Direct Inequality, they use direct
symbols <, >, =, ≤, and ≥ in the statement.
Meanings of Different symbols used in
the Problems:
1) < : Less than
2) ≤ : Less than or
Equal to
3) > : Greater
than
4) ≥ : Greater than or
Equal to
5) = : Equal to
Let us take we have given the following directions:
A $ B means A is not smaller than B
A @ B means A is neither smaller than nor equal to B
A # B means A is neither greater than nor equal to B
A & B means A is neither greater than nor smaller
than B
A % B means A is not greater than B
Now first you have to decode the meanings of different
symbols given Solve it one by one:
1) First we have
Given, A is not smaller than B that means A can either be equal to A or Greater
than B i.e A ≥ B.
2) A is neither
smaller than nor equal to B that means A is Greater than B i.e A > B.
3) A is neither
greater than nor equal to B that means A is lesser than B i.e A < B.
4) A is neither
greater than nor smaller than B that means A equal to B i.e A = B.
5) A is not greater
than B that means A can either be equal to or lesser than B i.e A ≤ B.
Now form a table before solving this kind of problems:
@ : >

$ : >

& : =

# : <

% : <

& : =

Important Points to be remember while
solving Problems:
1) Symbols >, ≥,
and = should be in Ist row
2) Symbols <, ≤,
and = should be in 2nd row
3) ———> Right Hand
Side Direction.
4) <——— Left Hand Side
direction.
5) In Row 1, First
Priority should go to symbol ‘>’ then to ‘≥’ & then to ‘=’.
6) In Row 2, First
Priority should go to symbol ‘<’ then to ‘≤’ & then to ‘=’.
Make Sure you make the table correct otherwise you will
loose all the 5 or 6 marks.
Let us take the following example:
1).Statements: K & B, B $ W, W # H,
H % M
Conclusions: (1) M @ W.
(2) H @ K. (3) W & K.
@ : >

$ : >

& : =

# : <

% : <

& : =

Step 1: First Make a
single statement.
K & B $ W # H % M
Step 2: Now we have to
analyze the given conclusions one by one.
1) M @ W
Ø If you go from M to W, you will go in
a Reverse Direction i.e to the Left hand Side.
Ø Between M and W there are present two
symbols, one is % and other is #.
Ø In the above table both the symbols
are present in row 2 & the Highest Priority symbol is #.
Ø Since the direction of letters formed
was to the Left Hand Side, So In Left Hand Side case we should note the symbol
which is exactly above the symbol #.
Ø The symbol above to # is @.
Ø And in conclusion the symbol present
between M and W is also @. So M @ W is TRUE.
2) H @ K
Ø If you go from H to K, you will go in
a Reverse Direction i.e to the Left hand Side.
Ø Between H and K, the symbols present
are #, $, and &.
Ø Check these symbols with the above
table, # is in Row 2 and $ is in Row 1.Both the symbols are in different rows.
Ø So Conclusion 2 is FALSE.
3) W & K
Ø From W to K, the direction is to the
Left hand side,
Ø Between W and K, the symbols present
are $ and & and the higher priority symbol is $.
Ø Direction is to the Lefthand side.
So we should note the symbol which is opposite to $. That is %.
Ø But given conclusion is
W & K. So it is FALSE
Therefore Conclusion 1 alone Follows
Let us take one more example:
2) Statement: H @ T, T # F, F &
E, E % V.
Conclusions: 1) V $ F.
2) E @ T. 3) H @ V. 4) T # V
@ : >

$ : >

& : =

# : <

% : <

& : =

Modified Single Statement: H @ T # F & E % V
1) V $ F:
Left Hand Side Direction – Symbols present are % and &. Both are
in Row 2. Since the direction is Left Hand Side, and highest priority symbol is
%, we should note the symbol which is exactly opposite to % which is
symbol is $. So the Conclusion 1 is True.
2) E @ T:Left
Hand Side Direction. Symbols present are & and #. Both are in
Row 2. High priority symbol is #. Symbol opposite to # is @. So E @ T is True.
3) H @ V:Right
Hand Side Direction. Symbols present are @, #, & and % but are
in different rows. So False.
4) T # V:Right
Hand Side Direction. Symbols are #, &, and %. All are present in Row
2. High Priority symbol is #. So T # V is True. (In Right Hand Direction case
we should check for the same symbol not the opposite one)
Therefore, In this Conclusion 1, 2,
and 4 are True.
You can also view our below Post on Various Topics with Study Material
For English
Root Words to Remember Important Vocabulary for Bank/SSC Exam
For Quantitative Aptitude
How to Prepare Quantitative Aptitude In 30 Days for Bank PO Exam
How to Prepare Aptitude to score maximum in any Bank Exam
For Reasoning
How to Prepare Reasoning Section in 30 Days for Bank Exam

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