Tuesday, May 7, 2019

What is an Insurance and How Insurance Company works - LIC AAO 2019

What is an Insurance, How Insurance Company works and How Does Insurance Company Makes Profit. Today In this Article we will understand how insurance company works with and Example. This article will help you in Upcoming Insurance Exam such as LIC AAO 2019.


What is an Insurance, How Insurance Company works and How Does Insurance Company Makes Profit?

What is an Insurance Insurance is an arrangement where an entity (insurer) promises to provide compensation to the insured upon the happening of a specified event or loss. This promise can be obtained by paying a small charge upfront (premium). 

I. The terms are decided between the insurer and insured via an insurance contract. 

II. It is contract between Insurer and Insured for Financial Protection.

III. Risk-transfer mechanism that ensures full or partial financial compensation for the loss or damage caused by event(s) beyond the control.

How Insurance Company works?

An insurance company works on building products aimed at providing financial protection from risks. These risks include death of bread earner (life insurance), hospitalization expenses (health insurance), damage to assets (car insurance) etc. The insurance company's role includes -
a) pricing of the premium
b) determining the coverage i.e. compensation
c) inking the insurance contract
d) collection of premium
e) administering the claim/promise

How does Insurance Companies make Profit?

Profit = Premium collected + Investment income on premium collected - Selling expenses - Claims paid & provisioned - Operating expenses

Example - 

· Premium collected = Rs. 10 lacs (say, 100 users on avg paid Rs. 10,000 each as premium)
· Investment income = Rs. 80,000 (8% interest p.a. on Rs. 10 lacs)
· Selling expenses = Rs. 1,50,000 (15% commission paid on Rs. 10 lacs)
· Claims paid & provisioned = Rs. 6,50,000 (say, 13% of users made claims averaging Rs. 50,000 each)
· Operating expenses = Rs. 2,00,000 (20% of Rs. 10 lacs)

Hence, the profit earned by the insurance company is Rs. 1.8 lacs (Rs. 10 lacs + Rs. 0.8 lacs - Rs. 1.5 lacs - Rs. 6.5 lacs - Rs. 2.0 lacs).

While in the above scenario the insurer made a profit - it would have been very different had 23% of the users made a claim instead of only 13%. In this scenario, the insurer would have made a loss of Rs. 4.7 lacs.

Thus, the insurer too has to carry risk on its books and has to manage the delicate balance between risk forecasting and pricing the policy.


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