Sunday, December 6, 2015

English Passage-6 for IBPS Exam 2015-16

                                                                     THE   HINDU  ARTICLE
                                                            " Fighting  IS with air strikes alone"
With British jets having started bombing Islamic State locations in Syria, four of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council have formally joined the war against the jihadist group. The United States, France and Russia are already in the fray. But despite persistent bombing by these countries over the past few months, IS still holds on to the territories it controls. Will Britain joining the war change the script? Prime Minister David Cameron himself warned against quick expectations. He said it’s a “complex” war and that the country has to be “patient and persistent”. But the real problem that the war against IS faces is not the campaign being less persistent; it’s that there is no coordinated strategy among the nations fighting the jihadists. Syria’s skies are already crowded. The downing of the Russian aircraft by Turkey over the Syrian border last month exposed the fault lines of the anti-IS war. Countries involved in the war are also competitors for geopolitical gains and they have divergent views towards the future of Syria. For example, the Americans want Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to go, while the Russians are the main backers of the regime, saying the only sustainable alternative to IS is restoring the Syrian statehood.
Does Prime Minister Cameron have a strategy to address these complexities? Or is his only plan, as that of his allies in the West, to target the group from the air? He did not lay down a comprehensive strategy in the British Parliament while seeking the support of Members of Parliament for the air strikes. His claim that there are 70,000 rebels ready to fight IS on the ground is far from convincing. Who are these rebels? Syrian rebel groups are hardly united, and in tough battles in the past they fled, leaving the territories and the weapons they got from Mr. Assad’s enemies to the hands of IS. Those who faced down IS on the ground were the Kurds. But Turkey, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) that is formally part of the U.S.-led coalition against IS, is bombing the Kurdish rebels on the Syrian border. Besides, how will Mr. Cameron’s government respond to allegations that Turkey was complicit with IS by facilitating the group’s trade in oil? The ground situation is so complicated that it is irrational to believe that sending a few more bomber jets into the Syrian skies would weaken IS. Of course, the war against IS needs air cover. But it should be in a supplementary role. The main fight has to take place on the ground and for that, the coalition needs coordination among the forces fighting IS, including the Syrian and Iraqi national army. Without such a coordinated strategy, air strikes would only play into the hands of the jihadists.

Fray - Fight / War.
Persistent - Constantly repeated.
Despite - Despite is used to introduce a fact which makes the other part of the sentence surprising.
Campaign - Series of planned movements carried out by armed forces.
Strategy - General plan designed to achieve something.
Exposed - Revealed.
Fault lines - Weak process which causes problems and failures.
Divergent - Different.
Backers - Person who supports a cause.
Regime - Government in power.
Allies - Another country that has an agreement to support it.
Rebels - People who are fighting against their own country's army.
Fled - Escaped.
Allegations - Its a statement saying that someone has done something wrong.
Complicit - Involved in illegal act.
Irrational - Without natural reason.
Supplementary - Things that are added to something in order to improve it.